- Andhra, one of the southern states of India has a medley of lavish landscape, rich traditional and cultural heritage, a series of exciting events which emblazon the pages of history and a variety of scintillating stuff, to sport The entire state with its delighting domains had been too enticing to prevent historic inventions which placed one or more parts of it under the reign of various dynasties in turns
- The chronicle of the region project a number of emperors of the long list of dynasties who are still survived by their bravery, benevolence ,passion for architecture, patronage of arts and culture and thing like that.
- The monuments, the flowery compositions, the literary works of the poets and scholars of yore provide an exhilarating vista of the well organized life style, culture, various forms of arts, occupation, recreation etc. Of the people of the past
History Of Andhra Pradesh
- As long back as about 230BC the region, under the influence of Emperor Ashoka, who made peace his way of life, nourished the prevalence of Buddhism ‘Satavahanas’, then usurped the remarkable region and kept it under their valuable possession until they conceded to the invading Chalukyas in the 7th century.
- Then in the 14th century, the Cholas, one the three great Tamil dynasties, conquered the coveted region.
- Later, a series of war broke out until the vast empire of Aurangzeb permeated over Andhra in 1713.
Andhra Pradesh State Date of Formation
1 Oct. 1953'
Andhra Pradesh A state created from part of Madras; 1 Nov 1956
Andhra Pradesh State
Area: 2, 75,069 sq.km.
Neighboring States/UT: Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Sea: Bay Of Bengal
(a) Population Density: (persons per sq.km): 277
(b) Sex Ratio: (Females per 1000 Males): 978.
(c) Infant Mortality Rate: 57(’05),
SC: 12,339,000 (16.19), ST: 5,024,000 (6.5%).
Literacy: (%): 60.47; Males: 70.32; Females: 50.43.
Per capital Income: at current prices (2005-2006): Rs. 26211.
Villages: 26,613; Towns: 210
Legislative Bodies: State Legislature- Bicameral Assembly Seats: 294 (excluding nomination) (Reserved: SC-39, ST-15); Legislative Council: 90;
Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 42 (Gen 32+7+3+SC6+ST2);
Rajya Sabha Seats: 18.
Main Political Parties: Indian National Congress, Telugu Desam Party, Telengana Rashtra Samithi, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Communist Party of India, All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen, Bharatiya Janata Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, Samajwadi Party.
Seat of High Court: Hyderabad [Kurnool was the first capital of the Andhra state with the high court established at Guntur].
Chief Languages: Telugu and Urdu.
Major Religions: Hisnduism, Islam, Christianity.
Main Towns: Hyderabad, Secunderabad, Karimnagar, Sirpur, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Cuddapah, Kakinada, Anantapur, Adilabad, Warangal, Nellore, Rajahmundry.
(a) Rivers: Godavari, Krishna, Chitravati, Papagni, Musi, Pranhita, Wain-ganga, Banda, Tungabhadra.
(b) Mountains: (Mt. Range-Eastern Ghat), Nalamala Hills, Satmala Hills, Erramala Hills, Horsley Hills, Plikonda range, Velikonda Range;
(c) Plateau: Telengana, Golconda, Rayalasima, Srisailam, Nalgonda, Waraangal, Khammam;
(d) Lake: Pulicat, Kolleru, Nagarjuna Sagar, Nizam Sagar.
(e) Forest: 63000sq.km (23%).
Coastline: 974 km. Staple Food: Rice
Geographical Location of Andhra Pradesh
- The entire state is at an interesting geographical location.
- The Deccan plateau forms most part of the state.
- The sizzling rivers of Andhra, some seasonal ad some perennial, make up to over 34 in number.
- The ravishing river Krishna and Godavari not only quench the thirst of a multitude of populate, but lend fertility too, to a vast land along their long course.
About 70% of the people of Andhra are engaged in agriculture and among the produce of the state are essentials like
- pulses and
- cotton etc.