Chhath Puja also known as Dala Chhath is an important festival celebrated in Bihar. It is also celebrated in some parts of Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Orissa and mainly among the Bhojpuri and Maithili speaking people.
The word Chhath denotes the number 6 in Hindi language and this festival begins on the sixth day of the month of Karthik of the Hindu calendar.
It falls on the month of October or November. It is the holiest of the Hindu festivals of Bihar and Eastern UP. This festival continues for four days.
- Chhath is not just a mere attachment to the people of Bihar, it is also related to their hearts, and thus they celebrated this festival wherever they live. At present it can be seen that at the ghats of the nearby river people stand and pray to the Sun God.
- This festival is the traditional one. If the family is not able to celebrate and perform the rituals the members should help their relatives and friends.
- It is necessary to clean the utensils before cooking the offerings of the Chhath puja. The food should be cooked without garlic and onion and on oven made of dry wood and soil.
- Devotees stand in knee deep water at the time of offering to God and continue to stand till sunrise. They should do these wearing unstitched clothes.
- During Chhath puja the devotees sing folk songs at the bank of the river and also at their homes in honor of surya dev and chhathi maiyya.
- All the river ghats are cleaned and decorated for the occasion of this festival.