Dr. Verghese Kurien (born November 26, 1921) was Chairman of National Dairy Development Board, India, the National Cooperative Dairy Federation of India and the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation. He was acknowledged as the father of White Revolution through ‘Operation Flood’ with the goal of empowering the rural producers of India through cooperatives.
Education & Career of Dr Verghese Kurien
Kurien took his graduation in Physics from Loyola College, Chennai in 1940, and Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering from the University of Madras. He later joined the Tata Steel Technical Institute, Jamshedpur and graduated in 1946. He took his Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering from Michigan State University with distinction.
On returning to India, he joined as a dairy engineer in May 1949 at Anand, a government creamery. Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers' Union (KDCMPUL) was battling with Polson Dairy. Kurien volunteered to assist Shri Tribhuvandas Patel, the Chairman of KDCMPUL. Amul was born.
Important Work of Dr Verghese Kurien
Kurien was committed to promoting cooperatives to empower the Indian farmer combining development, technology, and marketing. ‘Operation Flood’ soon spread through the country organizing and spreading milk cooperatives.
Awards and Achievements for Dr Verghese Kurien
Kurien received a number of awards including Padma Vibhushan (1999); International Person of the Year by the World Dairy Expo, Madison, Wisconsin, USA(1993); World Food Prize Laureate (1989); Wateler Peace Prize Award from of Carnegie Foundation (1986); Krishi Ratna Award (1986); Padma Bhushan (1966); Padma Shri (1965); Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership (1963) and Godfrey Philips bravery award.