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Education of SC and ST in India

Education of SC and ST in India[edit]

To implement the objective set forth in Article 46 of the Indian Constitution, after independence, the Govt. has taken no. of steps to strengthen the educational base of the persons belong to the SCs and STs.

Education of SC and ST in India[edit]

The following programmes and schemes, either fully or partially devoted to benefit the disadvantaged sections of the society in the sphere of literacy.

1. SSA
3. Mahila Samakya are working with a thrust on SCs and STs
4. National Praogramme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) (Under SSA) to be implemented in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) where the level of rural female literacy is less than the national average and the gender gap is above the national average- to provide additional components for elementary level education of under privileged girls.

Education of SC and ST in India[edit]

Shiksha Karmi Project aims at Universlization and qualitative improvement of primary education in remote, arid and socio- economically backward villages in Rajasthan with attention to girls.

Under the scheme of “Kastuba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya” residential schools are set up in difficult areas, at elementary level for girls of SC, ST, OBC and minorities (Scheme is applicable to EBBs).

The scheme of Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) or institute of peoples education is to improve the vocational skill and quality of life (polyvalent and multi- faceted adult education programme).

Mid- Day meal scheme.

Central Institute of Indian Languages- Mysore- to develop Indian languages, including tribal languages.

15% and 7.5 per cent of seats are reserved for SCs and STs respectively in all Kendriya Vidyalays (KVs) and Navodaya Vidyalayas and all higher educational institutions- IITs, IIMs, NITs, etc. (There is also relaxation in the minimum qualifying marks for admission).

Educational development of SCs and STs in India

  • Admission/ Tution fees are exempted in KVs up to class XII, for SC/ ST students. They are given concession in fees in National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS).
  • The SC/ ST students are given concessional fees to the extent of Rs. 450/- for Secondary Courses and Rs. 525/- for Senior Secondary courses.
  • Under the Scheme of “Strengthening of Boarding and Hostel facilities for Girls students of Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools”, 100% financial assistance is given to voluntary organizations to improve enrolment of adolescent girls belonging to weaker sections.
  • NCERT operates “National Talent Search Scheme”- 1000 Scholarships in Science and Social Science up to doctoral level, in medicine and engineering courses up to second degree level, are being offered.
  • Among 150 and 75 are reserved for SC and ST students respectively.
  • Educational development of SCs and STs is major concern of National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA).


(a) provides financial assistance for the establishment of SC/ ST cells in Universities for the implementation of reservation policy,
(b) issues guidelines for the implementation of the reservation policy,
(c) provides financial assistance for coaching facilities to prepare for NET conducted by UGC/ CSIT,
(d) introduced “Remedial Coaching Scheme” at UG/ PG level for under privileged students to improve academic skill and comprehension of basic subjects,
(e) created a Central Pool Data base for SC/ ST candidates.

  • The Scheme of “Community poly techniques” (since 1978-79) undertakes rural/ community development activites through application of S& T.

Engineering Colleges: The higher educational institutions administered by the Central Govt. including IITs, IIMs, National Institutes of Technology etc.., provide reservation to the extent of 15% and 7.5% for SC and St students respectively.

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