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Expenses not Deductible in Taxes

==Which expenses are considered as ‘Expenses not Deductible’?==

''Expenditure on:''

* Advertisement in any Souvenir/Brochure etc., of a Political Party.

* Wealth Tax payment, Income Tax, Penalties paid but not fine in nature of compensation.

* Any tax calculated on the basis on Profits & Gains of the Business/Profession.

* Any interest, salary, royalty, technical fees or other sum chargeable under this Act, payable outside India, on which no tax has been deducted at source.

* Any interest, rent, commission, brokerage, professional charges paid to residents on which no tax has been deducted at source.

==What is the meaning of ‘Set-off’ & ‘Carry forward’ of business losses==

* Set-off means adjustment of certain losses against income under other sources in the same assessment year. Carrying Forward of unadjusted losses to be set-off in subsequent years is called Carry Forward.

==How to adjust Business Lossess==

* If there is a loss in the business, the same can be adjusted against profits made in any other business of the same tax payer.

* The loss, if any, still remaining, can be adjusted against income from any other source. From A/Y 2005-06 loss from business cannot be set off against salary income.

* However, loss sustained in speculative business can be adjusted only against profits earned in another speculative business. Business loss can be carried forward a maximum period of next 8 Assessment Years and adjusted against business profits of the subsequent years. Unabsorbed depreciation can be set-off even if business/profession is discontinued and can be carried forward for unlimited number of years.

* However, for claiming the benefit of carry forward of losses, the tax payer has to invariable file his returns within due date.

==What are the methods of Accounting==

* Every Business/Profession, as to follow either cash or mercantile system or accrual system of accounting for Business.

==Which Professionals/Businessmen have to maintain books of account==

* The following PROFESSIONALS whose Gross Receipts from their profession exceeds Rs.1,50,000 p.a.(in any of the 3 immediate preceding previous years) have to maintain the books of account:

(1) Legal
(2) Medical
(3) Interior Decorator
(4) Technical Consultancy
(5) Film Artist
(6) Engineering
(7) Accountancy
(8) Acting

* As an Authorized Representative before any Tribual.

* Every Businessman whose income from business exceeds Gross Receipt/turnover of Rs.15,00,000p.a in any of the 3 immediate preceding previous years will have to maintain books of accounts as per the Act W.e.f. 4-2-2002 books of accounts & other documents are to be preserved for a period of 6 years from the end of the relevant A/Y.

* Is Audit of Accounts compulsory? For Businessmen:

* Yes, when Gross turnover exceeds Rs.60lac

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