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Govardhan Puja

The fourth day of Diwali festival is known as 'Padwa' or 'Varshapratipada'. In North Indian states this festival is known as Govardhan Puja. This puja is performed with great zeal and enthusiasm in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. This festival takes place during the month of Kartik of the Hindu calendar which falls on the month of October and September.

  • In this puja there is a ritual of building cow dung hillocks which symbolization of the Mount Govardhan which Lord Krishna lifted with his little finger. After making such hillocks people decorate them with flowers and then worship them. They move in a circle around the cow dung hillocks and offer prayers to Lord Govardhan.
  • The Govardhan hillock is situated at 'Braj' near Mathura.
  • It is said in 'Vishnu Puraan' that the people of Gokul used to worship and offer prayer to Lord Indra for the rains as they believed that it was Indra who sent rains for their welfare and agriculture.
  • But it was Lord Krishna who made them understand that it was Mount Govardhan or Govardhan Parvat and who caused rains. Therefore they should worship Govardhan not Indra.
  • People followed the words of Krishna and it made Lord Indra very angry. He became so furious that the people of Gokul had to face very heavy rains as a result of his anger.
  • Then Lord Krishna came forward to ensure the security of the people. He worshipped and offered prayers to mount Govardhan he lifted it as an umbrella on the little finger of his right hand so that everyone could take shelter under it. After this event Lord Krishna was also known as Giridhari or Govardhandhari.
  • While performing the Govardhan Puja people shout in joy saying 'Sri Giri Govardhan Ki jaya', 'Giriraj Maharaja Ki jaya', 'Sri Sri Krishna Balaram Ki jaya'.