Date of Formation: 1 May 1960
Area: 196,024 sq km
Neighbouring States/UT: Rajasthan, Maharastra, MP, Damn-Diu, Dadra, Nagar Haveli,
Country: Pakistan. Sea: Arabian Sea.
Population: 50,671,017 Males: 26,385,577; Females: 24,258,440; Urban Population: 37.35%; (a) Population Density: 258; (b) Sex Ratio: 921. (c) Infant Mortality Rate: 54(’05). Sc: 3,593,000 (7.09%), ST: 7,481,000(14.76).
Literacy (%): 69.14; Males: 79.66; Females: 57.80.
Per capita Income at current prices (2005-2006): Rs. 34157.
Villages: 18,066; Towns: 242
CM: Narendra Modi
Legislative Bodies: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 182;
Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 26 (20+2+4); Rajya Sabha Seats: 11.
Main Political Parites: BJP, INC, JD……….
Seat of High Court: Ahmedabad
Chief Languages: Gujarati
Major Religious: Hinduism, Islam
Main Towns: Ahmedabad International, Vadodara, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Surat, Jamnagar, Kandla, Mehsana, Porbandar, Rajkot.
(a) Rivers: Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada and Tapti. Smaller rivers like Banas, Saraswati and Damanganga; (b) Mountains: Gir Range, Barda Hills, Gimar Hills. (c) National Park: Gir NP-asiatic lions, Pirotan Marine National park-known for corals and fish, Wild Ass Sanctuary, Ratanlal & Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary-Gujrat-MP border, Velavadhar NP, Vansda NP. (d) Beaches: Porbandar, Chorwad, Beyt Dwaraka, . Somnath and Veaval, Mandvi near Delvada. Irrigation: 64.88lakh hectares.
Important Information about Gujarat in India
(a) Minerals: Petroleum oil, natural gas; (b) Industries: Textiles, inorganic chemicals (caustic soda, soda ash), petro-chemicals, drugs, oil refinery, pharmaceuticals, cement, electronic and electrical goods, machine tools, sugar, oil, etc.; (c) Agircultural Products: Bajra, jowar, maize, rice, wheat, tobacco, cotton, groundnut, isabgol, sugarcane, mangoes, bananas. Installed capacity of power 8763MW in 2005.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 74075 km; (b)Main Railway Stations: Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Bharuch, Valsad, Navsa, Surat, Dahod, Nadiad, Bhav-nagar, Bhuj, Jamnagar, Rajkot, Mehsana, Himatnagar, Palanpur, (c) Airports: Ahmedabad International , Vadodara, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Surat, Jamnagar, Kandla, keshod, porbandar, Rojkot; (d) port: Kandla.
Shrines: Modhera Sun temple-Mehsans, hatheesing Jain Temple, Bhadreshwar-Jain pilgrimage, Shamlaji-famous Vaishnava temple, Jama Masjid, Rani Rupmati mosque, Akshardham temple-made of sandstone, Parsees Fire temple-Udwada.
Historic Places: Patan-remains of Solanki dynasty, Lothal and Dholavira-remains of Harrappan civilization, Adlaj Vav(worlds’s most famous elaborated well)- Gandhinagar, Rani ki Vav-built by Udayamati (queen of Bhimdeva 1 between 1022 and 1063, Uperkot Fort-built by Yadavas.
Shopping: Patola saris, bead-embroidered ghagras, cholis, torans, tondris, chakla, zari, chandrawas, Namdas-felt embroidered with wool, block printed textiles, clay painting, hand painted fabrics.
Culture: (a) Dances: Garba (basya Nrity (a) and, Dandia Ras (ras Leela, folk), Tippani (women labourers); (b) Festivals: janmastami, -Dwaraka and Dakor, mahavir jayanti-Palitana, International Kite Festival- jan, Makar Sankranti, Navaratri – Sep/Oct, Tametar fair (Aug-Sep), Madhavarai fair - porbandar (Mar-april), ambaji fair - Banaskanta dist, Shamaiji fair, Dangidurbar – March, etc.