Important Definitions in Ayurveda
Marma: A vital point or centre for meeting matter and consciousness. Injury to these causes immediate death.
Ojas: The final product of tissues of the body and food assimilation
Panchakarmas: five procedures of purification. They are emesis, purgation, enema (decoction and oily), blood letting and errhine therapy (sushruta).
Pitta: It is nothing but digestive fire and it is necessary for digestion and assimilation of food.
Pragnyaparadha: A mistake in the intellect and consciousness.
Prakriti: It is a general meaning of nature, constitution of an individual, like vata prakriti.
Pranayama: A balanced breathing, a type of Ayurvedic respiratory exercises to keep mind’s concentration in balance.
Rajas: one of the mental qualities.
Rasas.: it is nothing but taste of food. There are six tastes namely sweet, bitter, astringent, salt, pungent and sour.
Rasayana: Ayurvedic tonic for rejuvenation of the body and enhancing age of an individual.
Rishi: A vedic seer dedicated his entire life for the well being of men.
Satva: one of the qualities of mind necessary for keeping one’s mental health in balance.
Surya Namaskara: Sun salute, an Ayurvedic yogic exercise.
Tamas: One of the gunas of manas (mind) which is with inertia.
Vata: one of the three doshas, necessary for the entire activity of man even at the quantum level of the body and mind.
Veda: Veda is knowledge of life span and Ayurveda is the upaveda of atharva veda.
Vipaka: An end and final product of digestion.
Yoga: A vedic knowledge with many exercises meant for well-being of health of mind and body.