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Indian Railway History

Indian Railway History is spread well over 200 years which started from introduction of steam engines by British government to current trains running at 150 kmph.

Indian railway history

The plan to introduce a railway network, transformed the entire Indian history. This pioneering plan of action was first introduced in 1832, but no measures were taken into consideration. In 1844, the private industrialists were permitted to initiate a railway system. Governor General of India, Lord Hardinge proposed this plan to introduce the railway system. East India Company along with two private companies initiated the establishment of rail system.

Origin of the Indian Railways

In 1851, 22nd December, the first rail came into being at Roorkee. After a year, got introduced first passenger rail service between Thana, Mumbai and Bori Border. This railway track covered around 34 kilometers distance. Since its inception, the Indian railway service never looked back. British Government advanced towards several private investors to persuade them to enter the venture, with a promise to obtain 5% annual return initially. The railway network in 1880 acquired a mileage of around 9,000 miles, working mostly through Calcutta, Madras and Bombay.

Development of the system

India, by 1895 had started industrializing its own engines. In a short span of time, various kingdoms started their independent railway systems. The network of railway system extended up to Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Assam. In the year 1901, a board of railways was formed, which worked underneath the supervision of Department of Commerce and Industry. The board comprised of railway manager, an agent and a Chairman respectively.

Railway gaining popularity

In 1907, many railway companies came under the control of the government and started to draw efficient profits. Consequently, the primary electronic locomotive materialized in the subsequent year. At the time of war, the conditions of railway became worse. The government in 1920 captured the Railway administration and linkage between the governmental revenues and railways funding got detached.

The cold period

At the time of Second World War, railways got injured since the rails were diverted towards the Middle-East. In 1947, at the time of India’s independence, the highest share of railway network systems went under the Pakistan’s terrain. Overall, 42 independent rail systems along with thirty two lines were amalgamated within a solitary unit and started to acknowledged as the Indian Railways. In 1951, the prevalent railway networks were surrendered for zones and six zones were formulated in 1952. With 1985, electric and diesel locomotives took over the steam locomotives. The entire Indian Railway reservation network was incorporated with computerization in the year 1995. Indian railways are the largest railway network in Asia and second largest railway network in the world.


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