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Indian Space Program

Indian Space Program[edit]

  • The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was formed in 1969. The Space Commission and the Dept. of Space were formed by the Govt. of India in 1972.
  • ON 20 September 2004, the first operational flight of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV – F01) from Satish Dhawan Space Center was one of the most significant milestone of Indian Space program.
  • This has placed 1950 kg EDUSAT into a predetermined GTO (Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit).
  • Being a multipurpose satellite system it provides services to Telecommunications, Television broadcasting, Weather forecasting, Disaster warming, Search and Rescue fields.
  • Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV): It is the four stage launch vehicle, capable of launching up to 1600 kg satellites into 620 km polar orbit.
  • Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) can launch 2000 kg satellite into GTO. The indigenous cryogenic is used in the third stage of GSLV.
  • An elaborate launch infrastructure exists at the Satish Dhawan Space Center (SDSC) SHAR, located at 130 North latitude. From here, satellites can be launched into a variety of orbital inclinations starting form 180 and extending up to 990.

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