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Justice and Law in India

==Justice and Law in India==

* The main sources of law in '''India''' are the Constitution, Statues (Legislation), Customary Law and Case Law. Statues are enacted by Parliament, State Legislatures and Union Territory Legislatures.

* The '''Parliament''' is competent to make laws on matters enumerated in the Union List.

* State Legislatures are competent to make laws on matters enumerated in the '''State List'''.

* On matters enumerated in the '''Concurrent List''', laws can be made by both '''Parliament''' and '''State Legislatures'''. '''Parliament''' alone has the power to make laws on matters not included in the '''State or Concurrent list'''but in the event of repugnancy, law made by '''Parliament''' shall prevail and law made by '''State Legislature''', to the extent of repugnancy, be void unless the latter law having been reserved for the consideration of President, has received his assent, and in that event it shall prevail in that state.

* The '''Supreme Court of India''' consists of 26 Judges (including the '''Chief Justice of India''').

*The '''Supreme Court of India''' has Original Jurisdiction in any disputes arising:

* Between the '''Govt. of India''' and one or more states.

* Between the ''Govt. of India''' and any state or states on one side and one or more states on the other.

* Between two or more states.

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