Kapha in Ayurveda
- Kapha has five sub doshas and there are a total of sixteen sub doshas viz. kledaka kapha, avalambhaka kapha, bhodaka kapha, tarpaka kapha and lastly sleshaka kapha.
- When the kapha is in a balanced state, it lubricates the cells, tissues and organs and also it binds them together. The taste,smell, and moist sense are all controlled by it.
- Kledaka kapha is located in the stomach. This is necessary for digestion for making food properly lubricated. It is present in the lining of the stomach (mucus membrane).
- When kledaka kapha is balanced, it produces good lubrication, strong and effective stomach lining and good digestion and assimilation.
- Imbalance of kledaka kapha produces defective digestion. It may be hyper type or hyper of digestion.
- Avalambaka kapha is situated in the heart, chest and lower back. Kapha’s main seat is in the chest. The person will have a very good chest and shoulders.
- When balanced, it produces strong muscles of the chest and also it protects the heart muscles.
- Imbalance of avalambaka kapha produces wheezing asthma, congestive cardiac failure, congest in the lungs, cold, cough, sluggishness and back pain. All the respiratory diseases are going to be produced due to its imbalance.
Bhodhaka kapha is located in the tongue of the person. This kapha is responsible for identifying the tastes of the foods. Fine tasting food leads to good nutrition and growth of the body.
- Imbalance of bhodhaka kapha leads to allergies, obesity, lethargy, diabetes and congestion in mucus membranes.
- It leads to impairment of salivary glands and taste buds with loss of taste and indigestion.