Date of Formation: 15 Aug 1947 Mysore State (1950-56: part (B); 1 Nov 1973 Renamed Karnataka
Area: 1, 91,791 sq km
Neighbouring States: Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra, AP, Tamil Nadu,
Sea: Arabian Sea
(a) Population Density: 276;
(b) Sex Ratio: 964;
(c) Infant Mortality Rate: 50 (’05). SC: 8,564,000 (16.2%), ST: 3,464,000 (6.55%). Literacy (%): 66.64; Males: 76.10; Females: 56.87. Per Capita Income at current prices (2005-2006): Rs.27291.
No. of Districts: 29
Villages: 27,481; Towns: 270
Governor: Hans Raj Thakur
Legislative Bodies: State Legislature-Bicameral: Assembly Seats 224, Legislative Council-75; Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 12
Main Political Parites: BJP, INC,JD(S), JD(U), CPI-M, Kannada
Nadu Paksha, Kannada Chalarali Vatal Paksha
Seat of High Court: Banglore
Chief Languages: Kannada
Major Religions: Hindu, Islam, Christianity
Geography: Location (degrees): 11.31 & 18.14 N-74.12 & 78.10.
(a) Rivers: Krishna, Tunga-bhadra, Cauvery, Kabani
(b) Mountains: Western Ghats, Chitra durga Hills, Tumkur-Closepet Hills, Mysore Plateau, Biligiri rangan Hills, Nandi Hills, Gokak Hills, Badami hills.
(c) National Park: Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary
(a) Minerals: Gold silver, iron ore, copper, chromilte, magnesite, co-rundum, garnet, limestone;
(b) Industries: Aircraft, electronics, software, telecom equipment, alloy steel, machine tools, watched, porcelain, automobiles, etc;
(c) Agricultural Products: Rice, jowar, bajra, ragi, maize, groundnut, sunflower, mulberry, coconut, Potato, grapes, watermelon, etc. 46% people are engaged in agriculture and allied activities. Horticulture: 15.81 lakh hectares. Installed capacity of power: 5836MW. Rural electrification: 100%. Software exports: 35% of India’s exports.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road length: 1,71,972 km; NH-3967km; SH-9590km
(b) Railway Length: 3172km; The Konkan Railway, the new rail link between Mumbai and Mangalore was dedicated to the nation on May 1, 1998;
(c) Main Railway Stations: Banglore, Mysore, Tumkur, Hosur, Hassan, Mandya, Bellary, Hubli, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Belgaum, Dharwad;
(d) Airports: Bangalore, Belgaum, Mangalore, Hubli and Devenhalli(2007);
(e) Port: New Mangalore port is the main all-weather seaport.
Adventure Sports: Ramanagaram rock climbing-50km from Banglore, Honnemardu on Sharavathy-coracle rafting, canoeing and wind surfing, Cauvery Fishing Camp-82 km from Mysore for anglres, Kudremukh and Kemman Gundi-trekking.
Culture: Festivals: Mysore Dussera, Karanga, Ugadi (Kannada New Year), Diwali, Kar Hunnive, Navaratri, Yellu Amavasya, Ramzan.