This is also a part of Indian railway and is based in Maharashtra, India. The light heritage railway was built by Abdul Hussein Adamjee Peerbhoy and the project was funded by his father Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy of Adamjee Group. The project commenced in the year 1904 and ended in the year 1907. It is believed that Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy wanted to make a railway at Matheran after visiting the place and there he realized that a railway could make it easier to reach to that place.
Matheran is located in Raigad district and is the smallest hill station in the country that is located on the Western Ghats ranges. The place is 90 km away from Mumbai and 120 km away from Pune. The hill station is a part of Karjat, which is basically an extended suburb of Mumbai and Navi Mumbai. The place is located 800 meters above the sea level.
This one is a 610 mm narrow gauge line that runs parallel to the broad gauge line to the western side of Hardal Hill. The alignment of the rail meets the roadway at Jumappati and after a brief separation at Bhekra Khud; the line meets the roadways once again. The railway connects Matheran to Neral, which is also a town at Raigad district and it is 83 km away from Mumbai City.
The founder of this railway, Abdul Hussein Adamjee Peerbhoy appointed Everard Calthrop of Barsi Light Railway as its consulting engineer. Everard Calthrop is also the one that supplied the steam locomotive for the Matheran Light Railway. He designed the 0-6-0T locomotive that featured Klein-Linder articulated coupled axles that offered a flexible wheel base.
Today NDM-1 diesel powered locomotives are also used in this railway line that is known to be the only narrow gauge diesel locomotive serving the Indian railway.