National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) in India
- NACP-I was from 1992 to 1997 and was later extended to 1999.
- NACP-II commenced with effect from April 1999 and is currently operative to achieve two objectives:
(i) to reduce the spread of HIV infections; and (ii) to strengthen the capacity of Central and State Governments to respond to HIV/ AIDS on a long - term basis.
- As per revised estimates carried out during 2006 using multiple data sources including National Family Health Survey, the number of person living with HIV in the country is 2 to 3.1 million with an estimated adult HIVprevalence of 0/36% in India (0.27% - 0.47%).
- The adult prevalence rate of HIV infection in the country has stabilized over the last three years.
- Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra & Tamil Nadu contribute 63% of the HIV infected persons in the country.
- 39.3% of the infections are in women and 3.8% in children.
Salient Finding of HIV Sentinel Surveillance – 2007
- HIV Sentinel Surveillance 200 was conducted at 1134 sentinel sites – 646 sites among general population and 488 sites among high risl group population (FSW < MSM, IDU, Migrants and Truckers).
- A total of 3,60,848 samples were tested during HIV Sentinel Surveillance 2007.
- Maharashtra, Manipur, TN, Punjab, Chandigarh, WB,Kerala, Orissa andDelhi have shown high prevalence among IDU.
- Among IDU, there is decline in Manipur, Nagaland and Chennai reflecting the impact of interventions while there is a clear Rise in Meghalaya, Mizoram, WB, Mumbai, Kerala and Delhi. Trends are not clear in Punjab, Chandigarh and Orissa, but prevalence ranges from 5-10% among IDU.
- Among MSM, HIV trends are rising in South Indian states as well as North East.
- The HIV estimation process for the year 2007 is in progress.