Rural Development Programs/Schemes in India
Scheme/Program-------National Rural Employment Act(NREGA) Year of launching--------- September,2005 Objective------------100 days of guaranteed unskilled wage employment to each rural household option for it. SGRY and NFWP have been subsumed in NREGA.
Scheme/Program------Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Youjana (SGRY) Year of launching------------September 2001 Objective--------------------Additional wage employment and food security, alongside creation of durable community assets in rural areas.
National Food for Work Program (NFWP) November 2004 To provide additional resources apart from the resources available under the SGRY to 150 most backward districts of the country for generation of supplementary wage employment and provision of food security.
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) December 2000 Connectivity to all the unconnected habitations of more than 500 persons in the rural areas (250 persons in the hilly and deserts areas) by good quality all weather roads.
Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) May 1985 Assistance to rural people under BPL for the construction of dwelling units and upgradation of existing unserviceable kutcha houses.
Swarnajayanti Gram April 1999 To bring the assisted poor families above the poverty line by organizing them into self help groups (SHGs)
District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) Administration April 1999 A centrally sponsored Scheme for strengthening of DRDA and making them more professional in their functioning.
Some of the other Rural Development programs/ Schemes
Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology (CAPART) September 1986 To promote voluntary action through community participation and to propagate appropriate rural technologies for the benefit of rural masses.
Drought prone Area Program (DPAP) 1973 – 74 To tackle the special problems by those in drought areas.
Desert Development Program (DDP) 1977 – 78 To mitigate adverse effects of desertification.
Integrated Wastelands Development Program (IWDP) 1989 – 90 Projects sanctioned to the areas not covered under DPAP or DDP.
Hariyali April 2003 To empower Panchayati Raj Institutions both financially and administratively in implementation of Watershed Development Program.
Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission (RGNDWM) 1991 To provide safe drinking water to all villages, to maintain sources of drinking water in good condition and to give special attention for water supply to SCs and STs.
Accelerated Rural Water Supply Program 1972 – 73 To cover all rural habitations with 100 and above, ensure sustainability of the systems and sources of drinking water and its quality.
Swajaldhara December 2002 To formulate, implement, operate and maintain drinking water projects by the village community.
Central Rural Sanitation Program (CRSP) 1986 For improving the quality of life of rural people and providing privacy and dignity to women.