In India the School Education is divided into:
Pre primary which includes nursery, junior kindergarten, senior kindergarten schooling.
Primary education includes standard I to V.
Middle standard education includes classes VI to VIII.
Senior Secondary School includes class IX and X.).
Higher Secondary School includes classes XI and XII.
The schools may be associated with any one of the following National Boards:
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE)
National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
State Boards e.g. Maharashtra State Board, Gujarat State Board, Karnataka State Board, Madhya Pradesh State Board, Uttar Pradesh State Board etc.
The examination taken by students in India after successfully completing at least 10 years of schooling is known as Senior Secondary School Board Examination and upon on successfully completing the board examinations they are awarded Senior School Certificate (SSC).
Higher Secondary Certificate
For being awarded the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) the student has to pass under CBSE board, ICSE board, NIOS board, or State Board with at least 12 years of schooling:
The main organization that handles the syllabus related matters for school education and providing the required technology related backing in India is the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). The NCERT also supervise the numerous features for execution of the education guidelines. The different curriculum bodies governing the school education system are:
The State Government Boards, the majority of Indian children are enrolled under this board.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) board.
The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (ICSE) board.
The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) board.
International schools affiliated to the International Baccalaureate Programme and/or the Cambridge International Examinations.
A School Certificate whether SSC or HSC is the basis for higher education. Without a Senior School Certificate or Higher Secondary Certificate one cannot opt for higher education like getting into Polytechnic Education (Diploma and Certifications) or B.E./B.Tech, M.B.B.S., B.Sc., B.Com., B.A., BBA, BCA, BBM etc.A School Certificate whether Senior School Certificate or Higher School Certificate declares the following details:
- The board of examination
- Certificate (SSC or HSC)
- Name of the divisional board
- Seat number
- Centre number
- District and school number
- Month and year of examination
- Serial number of statement
- Full Name of the candidate
- Candidate’s mother’s name
- Maximum marks
- Marks obtained
- Total marks
- Subjects for grading
- Grades obtained
- Board stamp
- Signature of the divisional secretary
- Grades of certificate: - Grade I with Distinction - (75% and above); Grade I - (75% to 60%); Grade II – 60% to 45%) and Grade Pass all successful candidates below 45%)
- Grades in work experience: - A – 60% and above; B – 59% to 45%; C – 44% to 35%; D – 34% and below; E – Exempted, and H – Physically Handicapped.