Goddess Lakshmi is considered as the Goddess of wealth and prosperity. Lakshmi Devi is generally worshiped in the houses by the ladies of the family seeking for her blessing for the well-being and prosperity of the family.
Lakshmi Devi is worshiped in all over India almost in every household but the puja rituals differ according to the region. But the more or less the rituals remain the same.
In Bengal, Lakshmi Puja is celebrated particularly as a festival on the full moon day of the month of Ashwin which commences four days after the Vijaya Dashami. This day is celebrated all over India but in Bengal with much devotion and prosperity and with the name Kojagari Lakshmi Puja. Kojagari Lakshmi Puja is celebrated in each and every household of Bengal and also in Assam, Orissa, the northeastern states, lastly in Bangladesh also.
The things required for Kojagari Lakshmi Puja:
A particular cane wood plate type which is called Dala is decorated for welcoming Goddess Lakshmi. This cane wood thing is called Adibasa Dala. The Adibasa Dala contains;
Soil from the Ganga River
Perfume or sugandhi
Dubba which is a type of grass with three twigs
Fruits including 12 bananas in one stem
Sindur or vermillion,alta, sari, mirror
Gocharana or Gomutra which is cow urine
White mustard seeds
Gold, Silver, Copper
Pradip or Pancha pradip
Incense sticks, dhoop
Sesame seed called til
Myrobalan or Horitoki
Panchabarner Guri which is actually 5 colored dust
Madhupakka which is a mixture of honey, curd, ghee and sugar
3 large noibiddos and 1 small noibiddo
The things required for Lakshmi Puja hom or Yajna are:
Sand, wood, korke twig, ghee, 28 bel leaves, camphor, coconut, gomutra, chire or thached rice etc.
Cash offering known as Dokkhina is also offered during the yajna.
Lakshmi Devi is also worshipped all over India on the day of Diwali. During Diwali the things required for Lakshmi Puja are given below:
Idol or picture of Goddess Lakshmi
Milk, curd, honey; ghee
During the Lakshmi Puja the houses are decorated with lighted lamps and the entrances are decorated with colorful designs called Rangolis. While performing the Puja a Sanskrit mantra is chanted along with the rituals. The mantra is:
Namosthesthu Maha Maye, Shree padee, sura poojithe, Shanka, Chakra, Gadha hasthe, Maha Lakshmi Namosthuthe
In the state of Andhra Pradesh Lakshmi Puja is observed with the name of Margarisa Guruvara Lakshmi Vratam.
This Lakshmi Puja is worshipped on Thursday of the month of Margarisa. This festival is observed both in the temples and the homes.
The necessary items required for the puja are almost same as that of the mentioned above.