- In Ayurvedic philosophy, the five elements combine in parts to form three dynamic forces (Interactions) called Doshas. Dosha means “that which changes” because dohas are constantly moving in dynamic balance, one with the others.
- Doshas are primary life forces or biological humors. They are only found in life forms (similar to the concepts of organic chemistry), and their dynamism is what makes life happen.
- The five elements combine to create the three doshas (forces).
- Vata (va-ta) is a force conceptually made up of the elements ether and air. The proportions of ether and air determine how active Vata is. The amount of ether (space) affects the ability of air to gain momentum, as expressed in Vata.
- In the body, Vata is movement (a dynamim of the combination between ether and air), and manifests itself in living things as the movement of nerve impulses, air, blood, food, waste and thoughts.
- Vata has seven characteristics, which are: cold, light, irregular, mobile, rarefied, dry, and rough. These qualities characterize their effect on the body.
- Too much Vata force can cause nerve irritation, high blood pressure, gas and confusion. Too little Vata, we have nerve loss, congestion, constipation and thought- lessness.
- Pitta (pit-ta) is a force conceptually created by the dynamic interplay of water and fire. These two seemingly opposed forces represent transformation.
- They cannot change into each other, but they modulate each other and are vitally necessary to each other in the life processes.
- The seven characteristics which are present in Vata are very useful in making the body control.