Bollywood is a nickname for the Film Fraternity of India, which is located in Mumbai. Despite the format of the movies are similar, the love for movies among population of India is always on a high. Bollywood is one of the largest producers of films in India and is usually referred to as Hindi Cinema, even though frequent usage of Urdu words is being used most of the times which is fairly very common.
History of Bollywood
The prevalence of Film Industry began with a silent feature film Raja Harishchandra in 1913 by the famous Dada Saheb Phalke. By 1930s the film industry started to produce more than 200 films in a year. A revolution came into the Bollywood with Alam Ara made by Ardeshir Irani in 1931, which was a huge commercial success of its time. After this time period Bollywood along with all the regional film industries swiftly switched to the sound filming. Ardeshir Irani in 1937, made Bollywood’s first ever color film Kisan Kanya. After independence starting from late 1940s to 1960s period is considered as the “Golden Era of Film Industry”. During this time several critically acclaimed movies were produced which includes Pyaasa, Kagaz Ke Phool and Awara. A revolution in the cinema took place between 1960s and 1970s when the action films and romance films came into being, with the actors and actresses like Dharmendra, Rajesh Khanna, Sharmila Tagore and Helen. There also came an era where producers like Shyaam Benegal focused on the parallel cinema throughout 1970s. Bollywood from the year 2000 saw an elevated growth in the popularity of Hindi Cinema.
There are a few major influences, which have shaped the conventions of Indian Cinema, which includes:
• Ramayna and Mahabharta are the two Indian epics, which have exercised a profound imagination and thought influence on the Indian Cinema
• Another thing which has shaped up the Indian Cinema conventions is the Sanskrit drama, wherein the gestures, music and dance are combined to create a dramatic experience to the play.
• Theatre folk of India are the most important part in the Indian Cinema, which became famous during the 10th century with a decline of the Sanskrit Theatre. These regional units include Yatra, Ramlila and many more.
• The music of Bollywood film industry became popular with A.R. Rehman, who is a well-known Indian music composer, when he first wrote the music for Bombay Dreams.