Defence System in India
- The Indian Coast Guard came into existence with the enactment of the Coast Guard Act, 1978 on 18 August 1978.
- The Coast Guard is responsible for surveillance of the Indian territorial waters and the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone to prevent poaching, smuggling and other illegal activities; to conduct search and rescue operations; to protect and preserve marine environment.
- The command and control of the Coast Guard lies with the Director General of Coast Guard, Headquartered at New Delhi.
- The organization has three Regional Headquarters at Mumbai, Chennai and Port Blair. The Coat Guard also has two Air Stations at Daman and Chennai and four Air enclaves at Goa, Mumbai,Kolkata and Port Blair.
- The Supreme Command of the Armed Forces vests in the President of India. The responsibility for national defense, however rests with the Cabinet. Administrative and operational control of the armed forces is exercised by the Ministry of Defense and the three Service Headquarter.
- India is fully committed to the twin policies of no territorial ambition, and no export of ideology.
- The integrated headquarter of ministry of Defense i.e., the Army, the Navy, the Air headquarters function under the chiefs of Army Staff, Navy, the Air Staff respectively.
- The Inter- Services Organization, under the Department of Defense are responsible for carrying out tasks related to common needs of the three Services.
- The Indian Army is the world’s second largest army in terms of military personnel. Indian Army is one of the finest armies in the world.