Francis Newton Souza (born April 12, 1924 in Saligao, a village in Goa, India) was born of Catholic parents. His father died when he was only three months old. He shifted to London in 1949 soon after India’s independence. He settled in New York in 1967 but returned to India just before his death in 2002. He was laid to rest in Mumbai.
He was one of the first artists from India to popularize Indian art in the West for which he got recognition.
Education and Career of Francis Newton Souza
Francis Newton Souza was expelled from the Sir J. J. School of Art in 1942 for his participation in the Quit India Movement. The Bombay Progressive Artists' Group was started by him while at Mumbai to promote artists to involve in international avant-garde.
With increasing number of shows. He also had literary talent. In London, John Berger reviewed his art work positively as eclectic and essentially expressionist combining the elements of British Neo-romanticism with the post-war Art Brut movement.
Important work by Francis Newton Souza
In London, his work was selected in a 1954 exhibition by the Institute of Contemporary Art. His work ‘Nirvana of a Maggot’ was published in the journal ‘Encounter’ then edited by Stephen Spender. Later in 1959 he published ‘Words and Lines’ establishing as a writer.