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JRD Tata

Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata (born July 29, 1904 at Paris) was the second child of Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata. He spent his childhood in France and came to India in 1925. He became the Chairman of Tata Sons when Sir Nowroji Saklatvala died in 1938. Tata Sons is the largest industrial house in India. He died on November 29, 1993 at Geneva, Switzerland and buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

Education & Career

J.R.D. Tata studied engineering at the University of Cambridge. He started the Tata Group at Jamshedpur. The Group diversified into many industries including steel, hospitality, engineering and electrical. He founded many reputed institutes of higher learning in the country. He also funded the building of the new engineering department at Cambridge University. He was known to be a stickler to ethical standards.

Important works

Tata Steel promoted the Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO) was set up in 1945 to produce locomotives for the Indian Railways and is the largest Commercial Vehicle producer in the country. He pioneered civil aviation in the subcontinent JRD with the launch of the first airline in India.


J.R.D. Tata received the Guggenheim Medal for aviation (1988); the Bharat Ratna (1992), the highest civilian honor given by the Government of India and the title of ‘Grandfather of Indian Industry’. When he died, he was given a rare honor when the Indian Parliament adjourned in his memory and the Government of Maharashtra declared three-day mourning.